Future (ir a) and Present Progressive
Future with 'ir a'
This tense is the equivalent of 'going to' when used to refer to the future in English. Sentences like 'I am going to leave tomorrow' generally have the identical meaning in Spanish: 'Voy a salir mañana'.
The formula in Spanish for this tense is: ir + a + infinitive.
Therefore, you only need to know how to conjugate the verb 'ir':
I am going to eat. Voy a comer.
You are going to swim. Tú vas a nadar.
We are going to study. Vamos a estudiar.
They are going to work. Ellos van a trabajar.
The present progressive tense (also called present continuous) is the same in Spanish and English except for one situation. In both languages, this tense is used to express what is happening at this very moment, but in English we also use it to express something in the near future. (See Present Tense for a more thorough discussion of this).
The formula for this tense is: estar + verb in gerund form (-ando / -iendo)
For -ar verbs, the ending is taken off and -ando is added:
hablar hablando (speaking)
estudiar estudiando (studying)
cantar cantando (singing)
For -er and -ir verbs, the ending is taken off and -iendo is added:
comer comiendo (eating)
volver volviendo (returning)
vivir viviendo (living)
conducir conduciendo (driving)
After that, it's simply a matter of placing the proper form of estar at the beginning:
I am speaking. Estoy hablando.
You are returning. Estás volviendo.
We are living. Estamos viviendo.
They are driving. Ellos están conduciendo.
General Considerations about Verbs
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